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5th Kup/Gup Blue Stripe
The Tae Kwon-Do belt system is based on the system developed by Kanō Jigorō, the Japanese founder of Judo.
Originally, there were six student grades referred to by number.
A student would begin at Grade 6 and work up to Grade 1: (6) white, (5) yellow, (4) orange, (3) green, (2) blue, (1) red. Then they would graduate to black belt. The black belts were divided into 9 ranks. A student would begin at Rank 1 and work up to Rank 9. Black belt ranks have been standardized, but student grades have not.
Semi-Free Sparring (ban jayoo matsoki)
Subtly introduces the student to free sparring type movements and
situat ions whilst maintaining a structured step sparring format .
This important aspect of TKD sparring allows a student to gain valuable
practice, and, possibly more importantly, experiment with a wider range
of sparring combinations in a controlled manner without the worry of
being hit or injured while also learning where on their own body they are
vulnerable to counter-attack.
4th Kup/Gup Blue Belt
While Ahn was st ill a child, his father, Ahn Tae-Hun, helped to protect the
future leader of the Korean Independence Movement by letting him take refuge in the family home. Kim Gu later went on to comment about the young Joong Gun that he was an excellent marksman and that he liked to
read books, and had strong charisma.
At the age of 16, Ahn entered into Catholicism with his along with his father, where he received his baptismal name "Thomas" .
When he grew up he became a teacher and founded a school, called the Sam-Sam-Heung ( " three success" ) School.
Whilst in the Japanese prison he suffered five months of torture. Other prisoners told that despite his treatment, his spirit never broke. At 10:00am on March 26, l9l0, Ahn, Joong-Gun was executed at Lui-Shung prison at the age of just 32. Joong-Gun's sacrifice was one of many in this dark time of Korea's history. His attitude, and that of his compatriots, symbolised the loyalty and dedication that the Korean people felt towards their country's independence and freedom.
Ahn's life took him from educator to guerrilla leader, but above all this he is considered one of Korea's greatest Patriots.
3rd Kup/Gup red Stripe
Neo, or new, Confucianism focused upon the understanding of human relations through moral and ethical principles as opposed to Orthodox Confucianism which often concentrated itself on metaphysical problems, such as the origin and nature of the universe. For many, Neo Confucianism was much more tangible and easier to comprehend.
Neo-Confucian ethics dealt with three cardinal principles
Loyalty to ruler
Filial piety to parents
Faithfulness, chastity, and fidelity.
Yi Hwang was born in North Gyeongsang Province, in 1501, and was the youngest son among eight children.
Just like his contemporary scholar of the same period, Yi I (Yulgok), Yi Hwang was considered a child prodigy. As a well educated adult he passed preliminary exams to become a government official in 1527 only to continue his academic education further.
2nd Kup/Gup Red Belt
Hwarang candidates had to be men of character and virtue. The Hwarang trained to improve their moral principles and military skills. Young men and teens were often in a position of command. Sometimes boys as young as fifteen years of age who had shown true potential and leadership skills were in command of forces of 300 — 5000 followers (Hwarang-do) strong. Going higher in the Hwarang ranks one could become a Kuk-Son. A Kuk-Son was the master and held the rank of general in the army.
Early Chinese contact with Korea began during the Qui Dynasty (221-206 B.C) ; when Chinese military colonies were placed on the northern Korean peninsula. From this, the Korean peninsula was led into a period of advancement in agriculture, science and eventually a government .
It was through these advancements and growing individual tribal unities that the Three Kingdoms were formed
Paekche (18 B.C – 660 AD)
Koguryo (37 B.C – 668 AD)
Silla (57 B.C – 935 AD)
1st Kup/Gup Black Stripe
10 tips to help you learn your TKD patterns
Learning and remembering an increasingly complex set of physical movements is not easy and we are often berated by non martial artists for simply punching and kicking “fresh air”. However once you have mastered your fresh air opponent then you will easily progress in ability and confidence towards being a competent and quietly confident practitioner.
So, how do we get to that place of remembering all of our patterns?
Most of us excel at kinaesthetic learning: through touching, feeling and ‘doing’. As we age many of us become more adept at auditory learning. However, many adults, especially men, maintain kinaesthetic and tactual learning strengths throughout our lives.
Yi, Soon-Sin was born in Seoul on the 28th April 1545. His family later moved to Chungcheongdo province and Soon-Sin started his educat ion by studying the arts, only later did he decide to take the military application course. He passed the entrance exam at the age of 32!
Yi was appointed as naval commander of the Left Division of Cheollado in 1591, when he was 47 years old. It was at this time that he came up with the idea of the famous armoured battleship "Kobukson", or "Turtle Ship" .